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Unformatted text preview: Sometime in the fourth millennium we see an increase in population. Intensive use of the landscape surrounding the settlements. Land was densely populated and intensely farmed. These agricultural resources supplied the large percentage of the population who had occupations other than farming. Temples appeared in the cities, built on mounds called Ziggurats. Temples grew more complex over time. These changes were happening all over Mesopotamia at the same time. Temples were economic as well as religious centers. Temples owned property. Temples organized labor for irrigation and building projects. The first signs of writing are found in Sumerian temples at around 3500-3200 BC. Sumerian was written in cuneiform script. We can read this because Sumerian was retained first as an elite/royal language and was then retained as a religious/literary language. Sumerian is not elite/royal language and was then retained as a religious/literary language....
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- Fall '08