Lab- thorax & abdomen

Lab- thorax & abdomen - Lab A2: REFLECTION OF AB....

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Lab A2: REFLECTION OF AB. WALL ; Reflection of the Abdominal Wall Falciform ligament - superior to the umbilicus, connects anterior abdominal wall to the surface of the liver Median umbilical fold - inferior to the umbilicus, contains the urachus (obliterated allantoic duct) Medial umbilical fold (2)- lateral to each median umbilicus folds, one on each side of the median umbilical fold, contains the obliterated umbilical artery Lateral umbilical fold - lateral to each medial umbilical fold, overlies the inferior epigastric artery and vein Deep inguinal ring - small depression marked that is lateral to the lateral umbilical fold Peritoneum and Peritoneal Cavity Peritoneum Parietal peritoneum - lines inner surfaces of the abdominal and pelvic walls Visceral peritoneum - covers the surfaces of the abdominal and pelvic organs Peritoneal cavity - potential space between the two types of peritoneum Intraperitoneal (invested in peritoneum) Stomach, small intestine, liver, and spleen Retroperitoneal organs Ureters and kidneys Secondarily retroperitoneal Duodenum, pancreas, ascending colon, and descending colon Abdominal Viscera Gastrointestinal tract - most of the organs to be identified Liver - intraperitoneal organ, occupies the right upper quadrant and extends across the midline into the left upper quadrant, lies against the inferior surface of the diaphragm Right and left lobes of the liver - divided by the attachment of the falciform ligament
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This document was uploaded on 03/22/2009.

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Lab- thorax & abdomen - Lab A2: REFLECTION OF AB....

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