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Source Cards - SC 1:1 Individually administered,...

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SC 1:1 Individually administered, standardized tests have enjoyed a long and valuable history in the assessment special needs. Standardized tests of intellectual functioning, adaptive behavior, social-emotional functioning, and academic achievement have been used for many years in identifying children with a number of disabilities, including mental retardation, learning disabilities, brain injury, and emotional difficulties. In these cases, scores obtained by children with a suspected disability are compared to scores of other children in a national norm referenced group, with standard scores indicating specifically how well or how poorly the child did in comparison to expected typical performance. For instance, diagnostic criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2000) indicates that Learning Disorders can be diagnosed when "an individual's achievement on individually administered, standardized tests in reading, mathematics, or written expression is substantially below that expected for age, schooling, and level of intelligence" (p. 49). Historically, methods of identifying children with Learning Disabilities have included ( 1 ) low achievement across content areas, ( 2 ) intra- individual differences, and ( 3 ) discrepancies between tested intelligence and achievement. An individually administered test of intellectual functioning is often recommended for assessment of mental retardation and learning disability, yet is less frequently needed for the assessment of a speech or language disorder (Thorndike, 2005). SC 1:2 Response-to-Intervention (RTI) is frequently mentioned as an alternative to discrepancy analysis. Although the debate between proponents of discrepancy-analysis and RTI focus most exclusively on the identification of children with Learning Disability, the issues put forth in these debates have implications for the identification of other disabilities listed in IDEIA 2004. SC 1:3
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course EDU 222 taught by Professor Stewart during the Fall '07 term at Mesa CC.

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Source Cards - SC 1:1 Individually administered,...

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