FamilySociologyMidtermReview

- SOCIOLOGY OF THE FAMILY(Spring 2008 Kristen W Springer MIDTERM REVIEW QUESTIONS REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE FAMILIES 1 What factors

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SOCIOLOGY OF THE FAMILY (Spring 2008) Kristen W. Springer MIDTERM REVIEW QUESTIONS REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR “PUBLIC AND PRIVATE FAMILIES” 1. What factors have contributed to the trend toward postponing marriage in the United States today? What do we mean by saying that Americans are increasingly ambivalent about marriage? What are the factors that contribute to this ambivalence? a. Individualism has contributed to postponing marriage. Americans tend to take individualistic perspectives on adult life. - Individualism: a style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance on developing a personally rewarding life. - See survey page 8 for specific individualistic views 2. Describe different classical and contemporary sociological theories applicable to the family. Describe their main arguments, concepts and areas in the study of the family they most likely focus on. a. Classical Perspectives: - The Functionalist Perspective: a sociological theory that attempts to determine the functions, or uses, of the main ways in which a society is organized. - The Conflict Perspective: a sociological theory that focuses on inequality, power, and social change. - The Exchange Perspective: a sociological theory that views people as rational beings who decide whether to exchange goods or services by considering the benefits they will receive, the costs they will incur, and the benefits they might receive if they were to choose an alternative course of action. - The Symbolic Interaction Perspective: a sociological theory that focuses on people’s interpretations of symbolic behavior. b. Contemporary Perspectives: - The Feminist Perspective: a sociological theory that focuses on the domination of women by men. - The Modernity Perspective: In the late modern era, modernity theorists maintain that individuals must make choices about nearly all aspects of their lives. - Perspectives from Evolutionary Psychology: The view that human behavior can be explained by terms of evolutionary pressure to behave in ways that maximize the chances of reproduction. Theoretical Perspective: Main theme: Application to families: Classical: 1) Functionalist Family life is organized in ways that are useful (functional) for society. The breadwinner-homemaker family as an efficient way to organize family life. 2) Conflict Political and economic systems serve the interest of the wealthy and powerful. Family life is organized in ways that benefit the interests of the owners of businesses and factories. 3) Exchange Individuals with greater resources and more alternatives can drive better bargains. Husbands’ power over wives is greater when wives do not earn money on their own. 4)
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 920 taught by Professor Notsure during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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- SOCIOLOGY OF THE FAMILY(Spring 2008 Kristen W Springer MIDTERM REVIEW QUESTIONS REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE FAMILIES 1 What factors

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