NewTestamentMidtermReview

NewTestamentMidtermReview - 1948 Scrolls were hid, and...

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Short Answer/Multiple Choice: 1) Nag Hammadi Library a. The site, in 1945, where the Gnostic Gospels were discovered b. In Egypt 2) New Testament (What language was it written in?) a. Name given to the second half of the Christian Bible , written after the Hebrew Bible b. Original texts were written in Koine Greek 3) Greek Hebrew 4) Polytheism a. Belief in or worship of multiple gods 5) Cult: a. Refers to a cohesive social group devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture considers outside the mainstream, with a notably positive or negative popular perception 6) Zealots (who were they?) a. Jewish political group that rebelled against the Roman empire. b. The fourth group apart from the Sadducees, Pharisees, and Essences. c. Found by Judas of Galilee. d. Held control of Jerusalem until 70 CE. 7) Dead Sea Scrolls a. 1948 – Scrolls were hid, and discovered/found by the Dead Sea. Included everything except Esther b/c the Essenes found no value in it b/c G-d’s name isn’t mentioned. A group of manuscripts found beginning in 1947 in caves near the Dead Sea, at Wadi Qumran. The scrolls were probably the library of an Essene settlement that flourished at the site from the second century BC Euntil it was destroyed by the Romans in 68 CE. The library included Hebrew manuscripts of biblical books older than those previously known, and other scrolls regulating light on the variety of Jewish beliefs and practices in the Roman period. b. Essenes: Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, sect of Jews – separated themselves from Jerusalem, moved to Wadi. (see #45) 8) Aramaic (who spoke it?) 9) Hebrew 10) Jerusalem 11) Bethlehem 12) Four Source Hypothesis a. Solution to the synoptic problem b. Mark, Q, M, L c. The first source (Mark) is used by Matthew and Luke. d. The second source (Q) is used by Matthew and Luke, but not by Mark.
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e. Anything in Matthew that is not from Q or Mark is called an M source. f. Anything in Luke not found in Matthew or Q is called the L source. 13) Redaction Criticism: a. Redaction: Editing a source of material (for author’s own interest) b. Study of authors and how they created a literary work c. Helps us get back to the way they were thinking 14) Acts of the Apostles a. A book of the Bible , which now stands fifth in the New Testament . It is commonly referred to as simply Acts. b.
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NewTestamentMidtermReview - 1948 Scrolls were hid, and...

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