InfantPsychNotesTest2-3.5 - 3/10/08 Chapter 7 Infancy:...

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3/10/08 Chapter 7 – Infancy: This chapter includes: early socialization in infancy, attachment theory, parent-infant relationship, social deprivation, child abuse and neglect, autism, personality. Attachment: This is also known as affection. this is an affectional bond between indiv characterized by a seeking of closeness or contact and a show of distress upon separation. Attachment refers to ___emotional___________________ ties betw two individuals, and enhances survival of human. When contact can not be maintained with the caregiver, infants demonstrate ___________separation anxiety____________________. Attachment is a two way street. It is one of the key issues in the social and personality developmt of the infant. Children come into this world fully _depdendent___________________ on others for their survival and well being. ___________Separation anxiety_______________ : Infants attach themselves to the caregivers. When they cannot maintain contact, they show behaviors of _____separation anxiety ______________________. They thrash about, fuss, cry, whine. This is the fear of being separated ______________________ from the caregiver. Indiscriminate attachment – is the display of attachment behaviors toward any person. Patterns of Attachment: Mary Ainsworth developed ___the strange situation method__ is a way of measuring the development of __attachment__________________________. An infant is taken into a lab by a parent, and the infant is observed though a one way mirror while a series of _______________parent child________________ separations and reunions occur. _______________________secure attachment_______________ - This is a type of attachment characterized by _________mild distress___________________ at leave- takings, seeking nearness to an attachment figure, and being soothed by the figure. The infant is upset by parents’ ___departure_________________________, but easily comforted by their return. Three categories of insecure attachment: _________avoidant___________________ attachment – This is a type of insecure attachment characterized by apparent indiff to the ________leave- takings____________________ of and reunions with the caregiver. The children are least distressed by the mothers’ _____departure___________, and ____________ignore______________ the mother upon her return. ______ambivalent resistent____________________________________ attachment - children show severe distress when mother __leaves_________________ and _________________ambivalence______________ upon her return, clinging and pushing away the mother. It is a type of insecure attachment characterized by severe distress at the
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leave-takings of and ____ambivalent ____________________ behavior at reunions with the caregiver. Infants are most upset when parents leave and show mixed emotions during reunions. _________________disorganized/disoriented_______________________________
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2009 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830 taught by Professor 346 during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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InfantPsychNotesTest2-3.5 - 3/10/08 Chapter 7 Infancy:...

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