Lecture 22 8 definition of stress 2 stress a

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Unformatted text preview: nsactions lead the individual to perceive a discrepancy, perceive whether real or not, between the demands of a situation and the demands resources of the person’s biological, resources psychological, or social systems. psychological, Lecture 22 8 Definition of Stress 2 Stress = a particular relationship Stress between the person and the environment that is appraised by the person as taxing or exceeding his or her resources and endangering his or her her well-being. her Lecture 22 9 How to Measure Stress • Physiological measures – Blood pressure – Heart rate – Respiration rate – Galvanic skin response – Salivary, urine, blood corticosteroids (cortisol) Salivary, – Blood catecholamies (epinephrine & Blood norepinephrine) norepinephrine) • Performance Tests Lecture 22 10 Stress Inventories • Life events – Social Readjustment Rating Scale. List of Social stressful events, each with a severity score stressful – Unpleasant Events Schedule – Undergraduate Stress Questionnaire • Perceived Stress Scale • Daily hassles scales Lecture 22 11 Pros and Cons of Stress Measures • Physiological measures – Direct, reliable, quantified – Invasive, can themselves be a stressor • e.g., white coat hypertension – Don’t necessarily capture meaning of the Don’t stressor stressor • Performance measures – Hard to distinguish stress effects from fatigue, Hard illness, boredom, etc. illness, Lecture 22 12 Pros and Cons of Stress Measures Life Events & Daily Hassles • Content issues – SRRS doesn’t incorporate importance of event SRRS for individual for – Daily hassles and UES incorporate respondent’s Daily perception of event perception • Reliability is...
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