External locus of control internal control linked to

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Unformatted text preview: tack risk • • • • • • • • • Lecture 22 Pollution Noise Crowding (not just population density) Fear of crime Alienation Discrimination High demands, low control on the job Balancing work and family Social support 18 – Psychosocial environment link to health outcomes Coping with Stress • Resources (Lazarus & Folkman) – Health and energy – Positive beliefs – Problem-solving skills – Material resources – Social skills – Social support • Social contacts and network protective at all ages • Social isolation strongly linked to mortality • May buffer effects of stress (short-term May psychological benefit) psychological Lecture 22 19 Stress Coping • Personal control – Rotter’s internal vs. external locus of control • Internal control linked to better adaptation to Internal chronic illness and survival (Langer & Rodin) chronic • Locus in college students shifting to external • Personal hardiness – From Existential Psychology – Stronger sense of commitment, control, Stronger challenge permits health vs. illness challenge – Seem to apply best to male executives Lecture 22 20 Coping Strategies • Problem-focused coping – Problem solving – Seeking support – Predicts good health • Emotion-focused coping – – – Avoidance Substance use Predicts poor health • Proactive coping – Anticipating and preventing problems Lecture 22 21 Recap • Nervous, endocrine systems central in Nervous, stress; affects all body systems stress; • Varied definitions of stress historically – Current definition emphasizes perception, Current transaction transaction • Stress difficult to measure well • Coping can influence effects of stress Coping...
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