AtypicalDevelopmentChapter10

- Atypical Child and Adolescent Development Spring 2009 Chapter 10 Autism and Childhood – Onset Schizophrenia Autism – One of the pervasive

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Unformatted text preview: Atypical Child and Adolescent Development Spring 2009 Chapter 10 Autism and Childhood – Onset Schizophrenia Autism – One of the pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or autistic spectrum disorders (ASD’s) Autism – severe developmental disorder characterized by abnormalities in: • Social functioning – lack of eye contact, social awareness, interest in physical touch • Limited sensitivity to social cues • Difficulty recognizing faces • Impairment in joint-social attention or the ability to share focused interest in an object or another person. Autism - Social Functioning Social Functioning : • Although previously not believed, autistic children show preference for their mothers over strangers. • Difficulty processing emotional information contained in body language, gestures, facial expressions and tone of voice. • Limited expression – bizarre, rigid, or mechanical facial expressions – unknown if autistic children experience emotions differently. Autism – Communication functioning Preservation of speech – incessant talking about one topic or incessant questioning Displays profound deficit in pragmatics – Mother to child “Can you pick up the phone?” child to mother “yes ” (does not reach for the phone) • High-functioning children with autism may still have problems with non literal application of words. Autism – Repetitive Behavior and Interests Stereotypical repetitive and stimulatory behavior: • Flapping of arms or hands • Rocking • Staring at lights etc. Although the reason for stimulatory behaviors is unknown, it has been suggested that autistic children crave stimulation that will excite their nervous system.- Another theory is that the environment is too stimulating and they create stimulation in an attempt to control or block out unwanted stimulation. Autism – Intellectual Deficits and Strengths Children with autism vary in their range of intelligence. They vary from profound mental retardation to superior ability. • 70% - MR • Of the 70%, approx. 40% have severe to profound (IQ less than 50) • 30% mild to moderate (IQ 50 to 70) Autism – Sensory and Perceptual Impairments Sensory and perceptual stimuli maybe confusing or painful Sensory dominance – tendency to focus on certain types of sensory input over others Stimulus overselectivity – tendency to focus on one feature of an object or event in the environment ignoring others (child may appear to be having tunnel vision or hearing)....
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2009 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830 taught by Professor 346 during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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- Atypical Child and Adolescent Development Spring 2009 Chapter 10 Autism and Childhood – Onset Schizophrenia Autism – One of the pervasive

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