PSCI-3071 Urban Politics Complete Notes

PSCI-3071 Urban Politics Complete Notes - PSCI-3071 Urban...

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PSCI-3071 Urban Politics American City Politics 3 Imperatives of Urban politics, Politics of Growth, Politics of Governance, Politics of Defended Space. Growth,  Constant demands for growth, however conflicts with city and personal interests. The expansion of the US along the web of cities  US cities, from centers of trade, changing to centers of production  Expansion of cities' public powers, to protect business interests, and stabilize the market, control market's  volatility.  Marketplace vs. democratic process (balance of business interests and individual, citizen interests.The logic of  the marketplace may not square with the democratic process. Efficiency for the market may not provide for the  needs and desires of the largest part of the population, representation. Politishions, City Leaders, also seek political power, re-election to preserve that power, therefore the  interests of the individual leader, and supporting the issues that get that leader elected are balanced  aginst the interests of the marketplace. Governance , City has to find balance between diffrent interests. City Governments: Mechanisms to arbitrate amound interests groups.  City growth, population booms, create more differing interests that must be addressed by the city governance.  Why is todays' city politics more complicated?  More responsibilities for the governing powers  More interests groups, seeking their own individual interests, seeking services that are expected to be  provided by the city. What to do and who should benefit  Conflict between City and State powers. Defended Space , Individuals and cities have to defend their defined space, territory. Urbanization of America Pace of Urbanization  Fast rate on increase, 30%+ from 1800-1880, Increase in Urban population, increase from 60% per 10  years period to 75% by 1880.  High rate of increase, resulting in over crowding. Requiring a large number of people packed into a  small area.  Example: Chicago 4,400 (1840) to 298,000 (1880) as high as 570% increase and going on to reach  2,710,000 by 1920. 1800 6% of population living in cities, by 1930, 51% lived in Urban areas. 1800s cities lacked professional services, fresh water, sewar systems, police and fire services.  Competition for Urban Growth  Erie Canal, connecting Hudson River to Lake Region, creating a waterway for shipping For NY 1870s 62% of all trade passed thrugh NY system.
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course PSCI 3071 taught by Professor Robertpreuhs during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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PSCI-3071 Urban Politics Complete Notes - PSCI-3071 Urban...

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