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Lecture 4 - Tuesday Lecture#4 Hobbes Locke Rousseau...

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Tuesday, September 16, 2008 Lecture #4 Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Anarchism John Nash vs. Adam Smith (film clip from beginning of class) - Smith : Individual ambition serves the common good, (if you want to do the best for everybody, just look out for yourself) - Nash : The best result comes from everyone doing what’s best for himself… and the group ***Which of the following is NOT a feature of Hobbes’s human beings? d) Fundamental inequality Hobbes: The Story so Far -with no state, human nature generates a war of all against all -attack for gain, safety (we have reason to not trust others) and reputation (people care about what others think) -the state of nature is the state of war, people always have reason for attack, although there is not a constant state of war Not Fun: “…continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary poor, nasty brutish and short” Hobbes Is Hobbes to Pessimistic? “read thy self” -What do we think of other people? -actions speak louder than words -Evidence: locking doors and chests -“by what you do you show significant suspicion of other people”
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