Federalism - -groups constitute the society-different ways...

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Tuesday, February 03, 2009 Lecture #9: Federalism Key Words; Intra vires: within the power Ultra vires : outside of the power/ beyond the power -JCPC: is the judicial committee of the Privy Council, is important because it was located in Britain and it was an imperial constitutional port, it heard appeals from all over the British Empire, not just from Canada. Until 1949 the last court of appeal was a JCPC, the JCPC often sided with the provinces. Federal spending power : Ottawa’s ability to spend $$ to achieve what it wants. -Federal budget is much larger than Provincial budgets -Spending power has never been directly constitutionally challenged Compact theory : Canada an agreement between 2 peoples originally (French and English). View of most Quebecers. Contract theory : Canada an agreement between equal provinces originally and currently. View of most westerners. -these are the two big theories of Federalism Federal Models:
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Unformatted text preview: -groups constitute the society-different ways to arrange groups-can depict the range of options as follows…. One level of authority rules all groups Groups retain much self rule, in loose alliance No group self-rule Little central authority =a unitary government =a confederation ←-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------→ Concentrated authority dispersed authority ……………………France…………………. ..Britain…………………….…. .USA……………. ……………. .Canada……………………. .-we are one of the most decentralized governments in the world Be carefull… “A confederation is a loose alliance of states, banding together for narrow reasons.” BUT “Confederation” refers to Canada (Confederation never was a confederation!) Tuesday, February 03, 2009...
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