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Democracy 2 - Thursday Democracy Part Two Plato A B C...

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Thursday, October 02, 2008 Democracy, Part Two Plato thinks democracy is bad because it gives dower to: A) The wealthy B) The unwise C) The poor Plato’s Ship Analogy -the art of navigation is needed to direct the ship -the true navigator -a star gazer -knowledge, skillsm concern for the good of everyone Why Democracy? Two Types of valuing Democracy 1) Intrinsic reasons 2) Instrumental reasons: something is good because it leads to greater good in the future First Intrinsic Reason: Self-rule -embodies a commitment to freedom or self rule -democracy= individuals ruling themselves -autonomy= giving laws to oneself Rousseau: We Can be Coerced and Free -we are forced to comply with laws -but, in a democracy, laws are self imposed, so we are composed by ourselves -so coercion is compatible with freedom -freedom is autonomy Government and Legislation -Rousseau opposes democratic government because executive power should be held by the few -Rousseau supports democratic legislation because the people should make their own laws
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