2-Behav. Ecol Learning&communication

2-Behav. Ecol Learning&communication - BSCI 106 Dr. Via...

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BSCI 106 Lecture 2 Fall 2008 Dr. Via Behavioral Ecology: Learning and Communication s What is Behavioral Ecology? b how do organisms use behavior to modify their environment? b how does behavior influence interactions among organisms? Causes of Behavior (HOW DOES IT WORK??) Are the causes here proximate or ultimate? s Most behaviors have both a genetic and an environmental component mostly mostly genetic learned (innate) Innate Behaviors s Also called “fixed action patterns” (FAP) s Require a “releaser” = simple signal that elicits FAP Ex: Chick distress calls releaser?__________________ Ex: Fighting in releaser?__________________ sticklebacks s releaser can be *simple *not very realistic Innate Behaviors and supernormal stimuli s Ex: pecking in herring gull chicks What is a supernormal stimulus??____________ Innate Behaviors s Ex: smiling baby Releaser: mom’s face Why might these innate behaviors be beneficial to the “actor”? Learned Behavior s “Conditioning” = Innate behavior elicited by __________ stimulus s “Classical conditioning”= -innate response -novel stimulus
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BSCI 106 Lecture 2 Fall 2008 Dr. Via s Ex: Pavlov’s dogs b dog+ meat = salivation b dog+meat+light = salivation dog +light = salivation?? Learned Behavior
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2-Behav. Ecol Learning&communication - BSCI 106 Dr. Via...

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