EMUS 1832 Review Test 2

EMUS 1832 Review Test 2 - Listening Examples Mozart...

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Listening Examples - Mozart: Symphony No. 40 in G minor, 1st mvt (1) Classical (2) Flute, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 frech horns, 1 st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses (3) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (4) Homophonic (5) Classical Symphony (6) Sonata form - Beethoven: String Quartet in c minor, 4th mvt (1) Classical (2) 1 st violin, 2d violin, viola, cello (3) Ludwig van Beethoven (4) Homophonic (5) String Quartet (6) Rondo form - Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67, 1st mvt (1) Classical (2) 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 french horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, 1 st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses (3) Ludwig van Beethoven (4) Homophonic (5) Symphony (6) Sonata form - Mozart: Don Giovanni, Act I introduction (1) Classical (2) Bass, strings (3) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (4) Homophonic (5) Opera (6) Arai - Schubert: Erlkönig (1) Romantic (2) Piano, bass (3) Franz Schubert (4) Homophonic (5) Arai (6) Miniature - Chopin: Nocturne in Eb major (1) Romantic (2) Piano (3) Frederic Chopin (4) Homophonic (5) Nocturne (6) Miniature
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- Smetana: The Moldau (1) Romantic (2) Piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 french horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, triangle, cymbals, harp, 1 st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses (3) Bedrich Smetana (4) Homophonic (5) Orchestral (6) Symphonic poem - Brahms: Symphony No. 3 in F major, III (1) Romantic (2) 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 frech horns, 1 st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses (3) Johannes Brahms (4) Polyphonic (5) Symphony (6) ABA Coda - Wagner: Die Walküre, Act I, love scene conclusion (1) Romantic (2) instrumentation and/or voices used (3) Richard Wagner (4) Polyphonic (5) Opera (6) Arai Terms, Concepts & People Characteristics of the Classical Period -texture: basically homophonic -rhythms: duple/triple/quadruple, but often with frequent pattern changes -melodies are simple and easy to remember -balanced and symmetrical musical works produced -dynamics: crescendo and descrescendo (piano & new bowing techniques) -no Doctrine of the Affections -no continuo -instrumentation: PIANO (dev. ~1700, popular ~1775, Mozart infl.) Orchestra: woodwinds in pairs (flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons) horns & trumpets in pairs -orchestra becomes independent performing ensemble (from opera overture) -chamber music (such as string quartets) also very popular -FORMS!!!!! very important (way to organize abstract ideas) -also reforms in opera (which we’ll talk about in a few days)
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Characteristics of the Romantic Period 1820-1900 (1825-1910) Background -in some ways this is an extension of the classical era, while in others it is a reaction to the simplicity and moderation of the classical period. SIMILARITIES -forms (like sonata form) still used -symphonies & instrumental music & operas still important -textures still primarily homophonic -dynamics—especially crescendos & decrescendos important -many emotions/ideas expressed per piece DIFFERENCES -more expressive -more individualistic (you can tell composers apart) -longer -more colorful (more instruments) -more emphasis on vocal music (human voice more expressive than instruments)
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