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Unformatted text preview: 1992 Introduction to Human Geography Review for Midterm 2 (Wednesday, October 31, 2007. 3:00pm) Students with last names that begin with A,B,C,D,E, or F should go to HUMN 1B80. map is here . The rest of the class will take the exam in our normal lecture hall. Chapter 6 Be aware of the world map of distributions of major religions Distinguish Universal Religions from Ethnic Religions Universalizing Religion is attempts to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of a culture or location. (62%) Ethnic Religions appeal primarily to one group of people living in one place. (14%) Whats the difference between a proselytizing and a non-proselytizing religion? A proselytizing religion attempts to convert people to another religion, associated with Universalizing Religions. How do different religious groups explain the practice of proselytizing? No attempt to convert others unless they specifically ask about one's religion Preaching Providing physical benefits in hopes that recipients will be open to listening Providing physical benefits only to those willing to listen Providing physical benefits only to proselytes Forcing people to become proselytes Monotheism from Polytheism Fundamental to Judaism was belief in one all-powerful God. Judaism was the first recorded religion to adopt monotheism, belief that there is only one God. Judaism offered a sharp contrast to the polytheism practiced by neighboring people, who worshipped a collection of gods. Syncretic Religions from Orthodox Religions Religious syncretism exhibits the blending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system, or the incorporation into a religious tradition of beliefs from unrelated traditions. This can occur for many reasons, and the latter scenario happens quite commonly in areas where multiple religious traditions exist in close proximity and function actively in the culture. Is orthodoxy identical with fundamentalism? The term fundamentalism is now used to describe similar but not identical religious restoration movements in other religious traditions, including Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Fundamentalism is often confused with orthodoxy. Fundamentalists claim to be restoring the "true" religion by returning to "traditional" beliefs and enforcing orthodox beliefs-the set of theological doctrines approved of as sound and correct by a faith's religious leaders. In fact, while fundamentalist movements claim to be restoring tradition and orthodoxy, they actually create a new version of an existing religion based on a mythic past. For example, Orthodoxy generally accepts the beliefs of another person such as the different names for God, but fundamentalists will not accept or allow any other alter to their own belief....
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- Fall '07