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1__presentation__how_law_is_made

1__presentation__how_law_is_made - Four major types of law...

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    Four major types of law Common law Statutory law Constitutional law Administrative law
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    1.  Common law This is court-created law, the body of  court decisions on a legal question.   Each state has its own common law,  although there are many similarities  between the law in the various states.
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    1. Common law (cont.) Develops (as does constitutional law)  based on the principle of stare decisis.   That is the practice of following legal  precedent rather than overruling  precedent. A precedent is a previous court ruling.   This is why we study cases – to know  what the law will be in the next case.
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    Judicial restraint and judicial  activism These are two ends of the spectrum of  judicial decision-making philosophies.   For example, a judge who is a strong  judicial restraintist always wants to  follow precedent.  A judge who is a  strong judicial activist is perfectly happy  to ignore precedent in order to solve  problems.
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    Other aspects of judicial  restraint
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