05__presentation__prior_restraints

05__presentation__prior_restraints - Two major categories...

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    Two major categories of  restrictions on press freedom: Prior restraints  Subsequent punishments
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    Three main types of prior  restraints Taxes Licenses Injunctions or court orders
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    Near v. Minnesota (1931) Facts: An injunction issued by Minnesota  state court enjoined the paper from further  publication because it published “malicious,  scandalous and defamatory” reports about  local public officials Issue: Was this an unconstitutional prior  restraint under 1 st  and 14 th  Amendments? Ruling: Yes Rule established: Prior restraints on the press  are almost always unconstitutional under the  First Amendment.
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    Near v. Minnesota  (cont.) Three instances in which prior restraints  are allowed (3 exceptions to the general  rule of Near) Publications that would jeopardize national  security in wartime Obscene publications Publications that threaten to incite violence and/or  the violent overthrow of the government
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    Pentagon Papers (1971) Facts: Two cases combined at SCOTUS;  arose from the publication of stolen govt.  documents called “The History of the U.S.  Decision-Making Process on Vietnam Policy.” 
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  • Spring '08
  • HOFEDGES
  • Nebraska Press Assn.

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