4_UKInst_Parties

4_UKInst_Parties - 4 British Institutions and Parties I....

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4 British Institutions and Parties 1 I. Institutions of British government A. Parliamentary system Real head of government is the Prime Minister. The party with the majority in the House of Commons forms the government. The usual procedure is for the Parliamentary Party - that is the MPs of the party - to elect a leader and then that leader is given free hand to appoint the cabinet. The members of cabinet must members of the House of Commons or House of Lords. Executive dominance , almost all legislation comes from the executive. If the government loses a vote in parliament on an important issue - a so-called "vote of confidence" - it must resign (in principle). The normal procedure is to hold new elections. Irregular elections : While elections do have to be held at least every five years, the Prime Minister can "call an election" whenever he wants. Party line voting usual. Party discipline is high. A loss of a vote of confidence results in a new election, which means the governing party might lose its parliamentary majority How do they insure party discipline? All British parties are programmatic parties . In each constituency (district), party members nominate a candidate to run for Parliament
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4_UKInst_Parties - 4 British Institutions and Parties I....

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