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5_UKPWcompromise

5_UKPWcompromise - British Post War Settlement I Two types...

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British Post War Settlement 1 I. Two types of welfare states: Institutional or Social Democratic and Residual A. Institutional or Social Democratic welfare state General principles – a wide range of transfers and public services are rights of citizenship Transfer payments should provide: 1) Basic security to every person as a citizenship right. (pension) 2) Income security for all who work Services: - Provide wide range of goods and services, public funded and publicly delivered (to assure equal access). Means testing infrequent – government will provide you a transfer, only if you are under a certain amount of income or assets Most countries income test-look at taxes, and determine if you under income and provide subsidy B. Residual welfare state or Liberal welfare state Publicly provided transfers, goods and services should be minimal, they should be a safety net, just enough to prevent destitution -Markets should be allowed to operate whenever possible -Means testing frequent The figures in the graphs on the slides in the lecture are reproduced in the table at the end of this outline U.S.-Residual welfare state and Sweden-Social Welfare State U.K. more conservative than U.S. Transfer Replacement rates replacement rate : % of working income a person gets in case of work interruption or termination Index of transfer generosity , includes replacement rates and qualifying conditions (e.g.
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