12 SwedenGender

12 SwedenGender - 12 Gender and the Social Democratic...

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12 Gender and the Social Democratic Welfare State 1 I. The Rise of Post Materialism Post material issues - environmentalism, feminist or women's issues (jobs, day care), peace, participatory democracy (workers codetermination, decentralization of political decision making), job enrichment and work satisfaction, work environment rise of "new social movements " supporting these issues - student movement of late sixties - broader peace and anti-nuclear weapons movements, environmentalist movements, women's movement II. The Rise of Women's issues and Gender equality in the Nordic countries A. General reasons for the rise in women's labor force participation and increased gender equality in all advanced industrial societies 1. Increases in employment in non-manual occupations and service occupations (relative decline of manufacturing) 2. Decline in fertility, family size (delayed reaction to decline agriculture) 3. Rise in educational levels, education as a marketable skill 4. Secularization, decline in traditional conception of male breadwinner family
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12 SwedenGender - 12 Gender and the Social Democratic...

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