Appreciation Of Music

Appreciation Of Music - EMUS 1832 Review Sheet for Test 3...

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EMUS 1832 Review Sheet for Test 3 Twentieth-Century Music Listening Examples 1. Debussy: Prélude à L’Après-Midi d’un faune ABA Form Prelude Impressionism 2. Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps , Part 1 Ballet Primitivism Neoclassicism 3. Webern: Five Pieces for Orchestra , 3rd piece Orchestra Poetic lyricism Expressionism 4. Still: Afro-American Symphony , III Symphony Spiritual and jazz tunes 12 bar blues 5. Cage: Sonata No. 2 from Sonatas and Interludes for Prepared Piano Sonata Experimentalism 6. Varèse: Poème electronique usique concrete Experimentalism 7. Zwilich: Concerto Grosso 1985 , I Concerto grosso impressionism Neo-romanticism 8. Adams: Short Ride in a Fast Machine Orchestra Minimalism 9. Smith: Lost Your Head Blues 12-bar blues Blues 10. Hardin: Hotter Than That (performed by Louis Armstrong) New Orleans Jazz Dixieland Jazz Be able to identify: (1) Instrumentation or voices used (2) Composer (3) Type of work (4) Composition techniques associated with the pieces (i.e., neoclassicism)
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Terms, Concepts & People developments in 20th-century music 1. Use of music from folk and popular sources 2. Use of music from outside one’s own culture (Javanese gamelan) 3. Use of jazz 4. Abandonment of traditional major/minor tonal system 5. Abandonment of regular meters 6. Abandonment of “normal” composition techniques 7. Recording technology 8. Composer’s focus changes from pleasing an audience/public to creating music they like, regardless of anyone else (composer/audience alienation) 9. Music often VERY difficult, which means it often doesn’t get performed (M’s Saint François is very expensive, and also large, which explains why it’s only had two staged performances, plus the upcoming one in San Francisco this fall or next winter) impressionism -the idea is to create an impression, rather than depict an image. Berlioz gives you a clear program in his Symphonie fantastique . Debussy, rather than tell you what to hear, suggests it. For example, in his piano Preludes, he lists the title at the end of the piece rather than at the beginning because he wants you to have the freedom to concoct your own impression. -in painting (Monet), not everything is outlined precisely, as in his Impression, Sunrise (1874). -the musical movement is a bit behind the artistic/literary one. Monet’s Sunrise appears in 1874, at which point Debussy was 12 years old. Musically, impressionism begins in the 1890s.
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