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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 1 – RLST 3000 1) What Is A Religion? Classic Definitions Schleiermacher – Absolute Dependence Otto – Holiness Whitehead – Solitariness Durkheim – Social Kant – Duties Dewey – Ideals Tillich – Ultimate Concern Freud – Childhood Neuroses; Wish Fulfillment Marx – Opiate 2) Essential, Functional and Descriptive Definitions 3) Six Ways of Being Religious – Dale Cannon 4) Christianity Among World Religions 5) http://www.rejesus.co.uk/ Lecture 2 – RLST 3000 Backgrounds Christianity in two millenia of existence can only be described as a dramatically volatile and dynamic world view and religion. It has undergone numerous transformations since its inception as the religion has been required to adopt to new roles in society and to changing world views; it has also, as the first deliberate multicultural religion, been deeply transformed by its early translation into foreign cultures and its later translation into European and world cultures. While historians emphasize the cultural unification that occurred in Europe with the diffusion of Christianity, we should also emphasize that medieval Christianity was profoundly changed by its diffusion into other cultures. The most relevant fact in the history of Christianity as a religion and as a world-view was that it was almost immediately transplanted from its native culture into dramatically different foreign cultures. This translation of Christianity into a foreign culture happened right at its foundation; it did not have time to develop as a Jewish religion before it was recast in the light of a non-Jewish culture. Much of the later foundation of Christianity as a religion was occupied with this transformation; this activity would deeply affect the transmission of the history of its founding. Almost all biblical scholars are in agreement that the texts which narrate the founding of the religion—the gospels—were written late in the process with the knowledge that the religion would be pass into Greek and Roman culture. We can understand Christianity in terms of this process of translation. Foundational Christianity is the philosophy, mysticism, and teachings of a small group of Jews centered around the figure of Jesus of Nazareth. The bulk of the religion, ethics, and teachings originate with Jesus of Nazareth after whom the religion is named. Scholars are in intense disagreement over the historical Jesus, but it is clear that he did not write; what we know of the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth come from a series of texts— called gospels—written some thirty years after his death. Nevertheless, foundational Christianity also includes the small number of followers who continued the religion after the death of Jesus of Nazareth. The later history of foundational Christianity told in the gospels would give these followers a special role during the lifetime of Jesus as apostles, though that may be a later mythologizing because of their unimpeachable importance after the death of Jesus. Included in this group was a late convert to the religion—Paul of after the death of Jesus....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course RLST 3000 taught by Professor Valeta during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.
- Spring '07
- The Bible