GEOG 1992 Exam 3 Review

GEOG 1992 Exam 3 Review - Intro to Human Geography 1992...

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Intro to Human Geography 1992 Fall 2007 Midterm #3 Review Students with last names beginning with A-F should go to MCDB A2B70 (the biology building just across the plaza from the football stadium) during regular class time (3:00-3:50) on Wednesday, December 5 th . All other students should go to CHEM 140 as usual. This review was put together as an extra service to you by your TAs. Week 11 Chapter 12 Services TERMS Central place Market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding area. Central place theory Explains how services are distributed and why a regular pattern of settlements exist—at least in MDCs such as the United States. Market area (hinterland) The area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted. Range The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service. Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support the service. Gravity model Predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it. Rank-size rule The second largest city is one-half the size of the largest and the fourth largest is one- fourth the size of the largest. (Ranking settlements from largest to smallest) Primate city The country’s largest city. Primate city rule According the primate city rule, the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement. Services are provided in all societies. In MDCs, in what sector are the majority of workers employed? The majority of workers are engaged in the provision of services. In North America three-fourths are in services. TERMS Service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
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Settlement A permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services. Space Place Region Scale Globalization Connections Local diversity - Case study: call centers in India Types of services Consumer: To provide services to individual customers who desire them but can afford to pay for them. o Retail and wholesale: 11% of jobs in the U.S. are in retail services. o Education services: 11% of jobs in U.S. are in education. o Health: About 10% of jobs in U.S. are in health. o Leisure and hospitality: About 10% of jobs in U.S. are in leisure. Business: The principle purpose in to facilitate other businesses. o Financial: About 6% of jobs in U.S. are in financial, often called “FIRE” (Finance, Insurance and Real Estate) o Professional: About 13% of jobs in the U.S. are professional. o Transportation: About 6% of jobs in U.S. are transportation. Public: Security and protection for individuals and businesses.
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