Chapter5 - Chapter5 Stress Personality and Illness Heart...

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Chapter5 Stress, Personality and Illness Heart Disease Coronary heart disease 冠心病 Reduction in blood flow through coronary arteries Cause 90% heart-related death Principle cause: atherosclerosis 动脉硬化 Gradual narrowing of coronary arteries May also caused by inflammation (stress and depression) Initiation: Swelling and reddening of artery, with acute complications Caused by a buildup of fatty deposits and debris on the inner wall Causing myocardial ischemia 心肌缺血 Induced angina (chest pain), shortness of breath if fully blocked, cause myocardial infarction 心肌梗塞
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Cause factors: Smoking and Diabetes (greater risk for women), high cholesterol level and high blood pressure Cardiovascular diseases kill as much women as men Emerge 10 yrs later in women Higher risk after women reach menopause (age 50) C-reactive protein (CRP) predict coronary risk and hypertension more accurately Hostility and Coronary risk Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman p131 Divide ppl into Two types: Type A personality
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