Chapter4 - Chapter4 Concept of Coping Coping Flexibility...

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Chapter4 Concept of Coping Coping Flexibility: most adaptive to use a variety of coping strategies Coping Patterns Giving Up Learned Helplessness ( Martin Seligman p101) Originally viewed as result of conditioning Depends on cognitive interpretation Likely exhibit pessimistic explanatory style Behavioral disengagement ( Carver p101) But it could be helpful in some instances Acting Aggressively Displacement ( Sigmund Freud p102) Catharsis ; good to vent anger
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Criticism: Aggressive manner tends to fuel more anger and aggression Craig Anderson and Brad Bushman (102) Media violence related to aggressive behavior almost as strong as smoke and cancer “could impact neural system like engaging in real violence Indulging Yourself Developing alternative rewards ( Moos and Billings ) Internet Addiction ( Kimberly Young ) China rates higher than the U.S Online social support can reduce stress and anxiety but not in a excessive way It has marginal adaptive value Blaming Yourself Catastrophic Thinking ( Albert Ellis p104) Self-Blame ( Aaron Beck )
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Attribute person shortcomings Focus on negative feedback Pessimistic about future Heightened PTSD Counterproductive coping strategy Defensive Coping ( Defensive Mechanisms ) Originally developed by Sigmund Freud What do defensive mechanism against? Emotional discomfort; foremost is anxiety How do they work? Self-deception; bending reality in a self-serving way Are they conscious or unconscious? Both Freud thought its unconscious Can defensive mechanism be healthy?
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