drugs - 1 History of Drug Abuse History of Drug Abuse Drug...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 History of Drug Abuse History of Drug Abuse Drug abuse largely man-made, corporate-developed problem (what does this mean?) Theories of addiction heavily influenced by drugs abused at the time & by public policy toward those drugs. The legal & social status of a drug does not always relate to its addictive potential: Many illegal drugs do not produce addiction (e.g., LSD). Highly social and political field, not just scientific 2 History of Drug Abuse in America Aside from alcohol & nicotine use, drug addiction emerged in the US with the use of morphine (from opium poppy) in Civil War soldiers (Soldiers disease) As the problems associated with morphine became obvious, other drugs replaced it. Many drugs of abuse originated in plants (e.g., nicotine, cocaine, opium), most others were made by drug companies Until 1906 all drugs were legal -- most remained legal for many years. History of Drug Abuse in the US Opium is extracted from the unripe seed capsule of the Poppy plant: Papaver somniferum - mentioned in the Iliad and Odyssey use documented in Egyptian culture. Grows wild in Asia, range from Greece to China - most legal production is in India and Turkey Opium contains: morphine, codeine, noscapine (narcotin), papaverine, narceine, thebain, etc. 2 History of Drug Abuse in America Aside from alcohol & nicotine use, drug addiction emerged in the US with the use of morphine (from opium poppy) in Civil War soldiers (Soldiers disease) As the problems associated with morphine became obvious, other drugs replaced it. Many drugs of abuse originated in plants (e.g., nicotine, cocaine, opium), most others were made by drug companies Until 1906 all drugs were legal -- most remained legal for many years. History of Drug Abuse in the US Opium is extracted from the unripe seed capsule of the Poppy plant: Papaver somniferum - mentioned in the Iliad and Odyssey use documented in Egyptian culture. Grows wild in Asia, range from Greece to China - most legal production is in India and Turkey Opium contains: morphine, codeine, noscapine (narcotin), papaverine, narceine, thebain, etc. 3 Widespread use of morphine in US (late 1800s) This bottle of Stickney and Poor's paregoric was distributed much like the spices for which the company was better known. It is a mixture of opium & alcohol used for pain. At 46% alcohol, this product is 92 proof. Morphine as a soothing syrup (late 1800s) Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup was an indispensable aid to mothers & child- care workers. Containing one grain (65 mg) of morphine per fluid ounce, it effectively quieted restless infants & small children. It probably also helped mothers relax after a hard day's work. The company used various media to promote their product, including recipe books, calendars, & trade cards such as the one shown here from 1887 (A calendar is on the reverse side.). 4 Government complicity Products containing opium & other narcotics were required to pay a special tax...
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2009 for the course PSYC PSYC2 taught by Professor Aimeewilson during the Winter '09 term at UCSD.

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drugs - 1 History of Drug Abuse History of Drug Abuse Drug...

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