Test 1- Sociology Chapter 1

Test 1- Sociology Chapter 1 - Class ID 177 Sociology...

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Class ID 177 Sociology  Chapter 1 Sociology:  The scientific study of social relationships, social institutions, and society Started less than 200 years ago  Derived from two root words  socius,  which means “companion” or “associate,” and  logos,  which means “word” Words about  human associations or society Is concerned with every aspect of the self in relationships with others and every aspect of the social world that affects a person’s  thoughts or actions Areas investigated by Sociologists: Racial and ethnic relationships, Prejudice and discrimination, Power and politics, Jobs and income, Families and family life, School  systems and the educational process, Social control, Organizations, Bureaucracy, Groups and group dynamics, Leisure, Health-care  systems, Military systems, Women’s movements, Labor movements Sociological Perspective:  The way to recognize patterns in social events and view personal experiences in the light of these patterns (example of pattern:  seeing more men watching the game than women)  Investigations could include asking questions about poverty in a wealthy nation, about the social forces leading to unionization or  effects of divorce on a family.  Efforts to see beyond individual experiences Critical thinking:  the cognitive process to analyze a situation or information and to arrive at careful precise judgment  First step to critical thinking is to “doubt” everything people say or write- like news Operates on two levels: o Macrosociology : Social institutions; Deals with large-scale structures like war, unemployment rates, and divorce. Solution  sought at organizational level.  o Microsociology : Interactions; Concerned with how individuals behave in social situations like socials problems of a  veteran, an unemployed worker, or a divorcee. Solutions sought at personal level.  Ex. 1 Story of the little league pitcher (Danny Almonte) o 14 yrs old- Found fake birth certificate that said he was two years older  o Came from Dominican republic- Lived with father in NY o Play baseball in USA to get out of poverty Ex. 2 Katrina o Newspaper Article: Katrina effect eyed in poverty’s decline o “Median household income in 2006 stood at 4.1 percent from the year before” o “Louisiana’s gain was the third highest” and “Poverty dropped – fewer people poor” o “The median household income rose from $30,000 to $36,000.” This is comparing apples and oranges. The $36,000 people  were the ones who could afford to come back  o People in poverty died or moved away from Louisiana. Katrina hurt most people, not helped 
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