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Test 2 Cheat Sheet

Test 2 Cheat Sheet - Social structure:Relatively stable...

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Social structure: Relatively stable patterns of society, such as ways in which ppl/groups r related n the characteristics of groups influencing our behavior . Social Status Status: socially defined position an indiv.occupies Ascribed: cantchange,bornwithit Achieved: Married/job/major Status set: combo of all statuses any indiv.holds ata givn time Master status :in Japan,mine would b a foreigner.Here itsLSUstudent. Might be neg:like ex-prisoner,carrierAIDS Social Role Role: set of expectations/behaviors associated w/ur status in a given group/society Role set: set of expected behaviors; as an LSU student:go to games; as teenager:have fun; learn thru the socialization process. Prescribed roles: describes wat society suggests we should do. 4 the status of student:attendclass, listen,takenotes,study Role perception: how u understand a particular role;students role perception may b that its not necessary 2attend evry class/take notes . Role performance: how well u play the particular role;whatu actualy do diff frm prescribed role Role ambiguity: some roles are ambiguous/unclear,nyou dont know how 2behave;ex wife gets married how r u supposed 2behave towards her newhusband? Role strain: results frm a role overload or contradictory demands/expectations built into a given status; a single mother playing a role of mother+primary money maker; have to juggle those different roles. Role conflict: occurs when demands/expectations associated w/ 2 or more statuses conflict; difficulty is focused on opposite values and need 2 make ethical choices Ex. parents expect children not to be involved in drugs, sex, or alcohol but friends expect all of those things. Roles rnt a neg or troublesome characteristic of human behavior!Bc of role expectations,behavior ismade predictable,human relationships patterned,societyorganized. Heateddebate ofsociologists: whether the individual shapes therole or therole shapes individual . Classification/Typology: puttingthings ina diff type/category Social Group: Some type interaction Sense of belonging/membership.Shared interests/agreement onvalues, norms,goals. Statistical : Formed by sociologists/statisticians.Members unaware of their membership,no social interaction/organization.Women btwn5’1’’ . Categorical Members likely 2b aware they share aparticular charac./common identity.Aren’t social groups/ dontinteract w/other members.Redheads. Aggregate: Collection of ppl who r togetherin 1 place.Unstructured, participants interact briefly.Riding a bus,buyice-cream. Associational : Ppl who join together insome organized way 2 pursue common intrest.Formal structure.Volleyball team, university. Primary/Secondary Groups: Diffrnce in quality of relationships n extent of personal intimacy/involvement. Primary Group: Small/informal.Interact in personal, direct,intimateway.Fam/play groups.Charles H. Cooley believed most important inshaping human personality.Partic.important in shaping personality/formulating selfconcepts/developing sense ofpersonal worth/becomingaccepted asmember of society
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