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Test 2- Sociology Chapter 6

Test 2- Sociology Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Deviance and Social...

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Chapter 6: Deviance and Social Control Traditional Views: Absolutist/moral, medical, statistical Deviance: any behavior that violates the norm. Deviant- adj. o We are controlled by society all the time. Sometimes we become deviants by going over speed limit, o 13 yr old girl refused to take off her black lipstick and violated dress code o Mailman determined to wear shorts throughout the whole year even in snow o Norm is an expected behavior by everyone- a shared rule. You just don’t wear shorts in cold weather. Traditional Views: there are some absolutely bad, amoral, deviant behaviors: certain things are sick. We are okay, they are not. We are moral citizens, they are not. They are minorities, we are not. There is a moral standard in a particular behavior. Line between moral people and immoral people. Reality: We are NOT a 90% hardworking, good people/ 10% criminal deviants. Even murderers follow the rules most of the time. Vehicular homicide- most of the time it’s an accident. Relative Deviance: Sociologists believe that deviance is all relative: our behavior may become deviant depending on the time, place, situation, and social status. Woman speeding- she had to get home because her husband died. Police lead her home speeding behind her. Depends on place and time. “Law abiding citizens” is a slippery term- it’s a sly way to put us together. We are law- abiding citizens, they are not. Nobody abides by the law 100%. Universality of deviance: Its functions Every society and group has deviant people If we have a group of 10 saints, one of them will become deviant Deviants are a function to society: That particular person helps other people o They define the limit: If you have a kid, you know the kid tried to expand what is okay as much as possible. If punished, they learn not to do it again. If you see brother or sister being punished, you learn what’s right and wrong in your family. Get pulled over at 10mps over, you learn that 5mph is the limit. You learn the limit of condoned behavior by someone who is deviant. o Increase solidarity : some people become scapegoats, and we become more strong and moral o Safety valve: you get frustrated and want to do something bad; instead of making a bomb and exploding a building, you may start a fight or turn music loud o Indicates defects : In 1980s 55 was interstate speed limit, and everyone was deviant and went 62-65. Those deviant people are telling government that there is a defect in the rule “55mph is too low.”
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o Facilitates social change : speed limit change is social change; Vietnam War students revolt and showed that the university structure was too rigid so went for social change. People find a defect, and facilitate social change. Women in labor force were deviant, but people followed them.
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