Test 3- COMD2050 Notes

Test 3- COMD2050 Notes - Semantics Semantics: the study of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The phonetic info is sent via the arcuate fasciculus to Broca’s area which determines what combina Semantics Semantics: the study of the meaning of words, phrases, and sentences Problem with these perfectly formed sentences: they don’t make sense. What makes these sentences strange are the requirements of the verb He tried to assassinate the rosebush. The hamburger ate the man. o Hamburger is not an agent because its not animate o The man isn’t a theme, because it is animate My cat studied linguistics. Semantic Roles: all verbs have Semantic Roles Subject: o Agent: initiates the action; intends the action; controls the action. Must be animate (be able to do things). Will be a person or possibly an animal. o Experiencer: Role in the situation is usually characterized primarily by thoughts, feelings or perceptions.” Believe, wonders, thinks.” Not a physical action, but something that you do. Direct Object: o Patient : affected undergoer of an action; undergoes material change as a result of the action. A person or an animal. The thing to which something is done. o Theme : entity moved or acted upon in an action, but without substantial change in itself. Non-animate which means it’s a thing. Indirect objects: o Instruments: thing used by an agent to do an action. Usually in prepositional phrases that begin with “with.” I hit john with the bat . o Goal : endpoint of a trajectory (path) through which an entity moves. I sent a letter to Joe . Often occur in prepositional phrases that begin with “to.” o Source : opposite of Goal. Beginning point of a trajectory through which an entity moves; usually occur in prepositional phrases that begin with “from.” Container out of which an entity moves o Benefactive : The entity that benefits from an action. I give you money. Has to be good. o Location : Place at which an action occurs. Occur in prepositional phrases that begin with “at.” o Time : Time at which an action occurs or state of affair holds. Also “at.” Examples The boy kicked the ball into a goal. The boy kicked Billy. o Nouns: Boy: agent, Billy: patient, Ball: theme because it’s a thing, Goal: goal “Ask” o I asked my mom for money. o I: agent o Mom: patient o Money:??? Have to re-word the sentence. “Wash” has agent and theme o I washed my clothes. o I: agent o Clothes: theme “Donate” someone has to donate something to someone o She donated money to the charity o She: agent Money: theme Charity: benefactor- because a donation is GOOD “Believe” o I believe that children are the future. o I: experience That children are the future: a theme “Cut” o Semantic Roles for cut: agent, theme, instrument o I cut my finger with a knife. o
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 7

Test 3- COMD2050 Notes - Semantics Semantics: the study of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online