Test 2- COMD2050 Words Notes

Test 2- COMD2050 Words Notes - COMD 2050 Words Where do...

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COMD 2050 Words Where do words come from? Coinage : creating a totally new word o Kleenex can be substituted for tissue now Borrowing : using words from other languages o “Alcohol” is Arabic, “pretzel” is German Compounding: two words put together o Waterbed, sunburn Blending: taking beginning of 1 words, ending of another, and adding them together o Smog, brunch, Spanglish, skorts Clipping : words of more than 1 syllable is reduced to shorter form, usually in casual speech o Refrigerator – fridge, Thomas- Tom o Example of blending and clipping mixed situational comedy- “sitcom” Backformation : A words of 1 type (n,v,adj) is reduced to form a word of another type o Donation (n) Donate (v) o Babysitter (n) Babysit (v) o Burglar (n) Burgle (v) Conversion : word has two parts of speech with the same essential meaning o Printout (n) Print Out (v) o Butter (n) Butter (v) o Paper (n) Paper (v) o Bottle (n) Bottle (v) Acronyms : Words formed from the initial sequence of words o VCR, CD, NASA, MADD Derivation : When we derive a new word from other words by adding an affix (prefix, suffix, or infix) o Prefix : “re” Suffix : “ity, ly” Infix : abso-“fucking”-lutely (infixes won’t be on the test because the only infix that exists in the English language is “fucking”) o The president said “Hispanicly” in a speech and its now a word ** Extra Credit for second test!!!!! Find a new word that is not in the Oxford English Dictionary Say what kind of word it is ^ The Revielle is a good source Morphology : the study of forms Morpheme : a minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function o Prefix, suffix, and infixes o “Ing” Meaning- present progressive, happening now Free Morpheme : word that can stand alone o Dance, cat, stand o Two types: 1. Lexical: nouns, verbs and adjectives; open class: can come up with new ones 2. Functional: conjunctions, prepositions, articles, pronouns; closed class: can’t come up with new ones, but can add to it Bound Morpheme : Must be attached to another word o “Re, ing, ly” o Two types: 1. Derivational: used to make a new word, often changing grammatical category; (carful , handful , thoughtless , foolish )
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2. Inflectional: always suffixes and comes at end of the word; indicates the grammatical function- plural, past tense, present progressive; (louder , loudest , dogs , walked ) Examples: “unfortunately” o Fortune: free morpheme o Un: bound, derivational o Ate: bound derivational o Ly: bound, derivational “memorable” o Memory: free o Able: derivational Anti disestablish ment ari anism (s) o Establish: root o Anti: derivational o Dis: prefix o Ment: suffix, derivational o Ari: derivational o An: derivational o Ism: derivational o Plural “s” would be inflectional Part of Speech Noun : refers to people, objects, places, qualities, ideas Adjectives : provide more information about nouns
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