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Unformatted text preview: COMD 2081, 1 COMD 2081 Leslie Domma Test 1 Notes Communication and Its Disorders Communication Necessities Information Method to get it across Received Communication: Exchange of information Animal Communication o Instinctual: things they need for survival; gather food, alerting another predator , finding a mate o Some communicate for more social use than others like chimps and whales, but theyre still very limited Human Communication o Social creatures; we use it to get our basic needs to survive but also social aspects of life o Has to do with our physical structure o Oral, verbal, gestures o We wouldnt thrive if we didnt have social interaction with one another Language What we use to communicate with each other A system of symbols and codes used in communication A form of social behavior shaped and maintained by a community Doesnt have to be spoken or oral, could be reading, writing, and gestures (ASL) 5 Components of Human Communication Voice : o Sound source for speech. Were able to produce a wider variety of sounds more complex language o Larynx : in the middle of the throat, where our voicing is produced o Vocal folds : Vocal cords. Thin muscles that lay in the larynx. Vocal folds vibrate to give voicing. o Resonance : affected by our vocal tract. The shape of someones vocal tract changes the way voicing sound. Resonance makes one voice sound different from another because of sound and shape of cavity. Sound vibrates at different frequencies, has to do with shape and size. o Articulate : has to do with movement of the different structures. Articulation: o Movement o Tongue, teeth, soft palette: theyll all change shape and that produces different sounds o Phoneme : larger categories for the sound Phone: the actual sound COMD 2081, 2 o Phonetics : describes the way we produce the sounds, how we classify the sounds, and how we perceive the sounds o Phonology : the study of speech sounds and sound patterns Language o No universal definition o Oral language : when the production of speech sounds is organized into a higher level of words and sentences that generate meaning o Language is an elaborate system of shared symbols and the rules for combining them into meaningful unites o ASL: example to show it doesnt have to be a verbal language; its a manual language but it still has set of rules about how to combine; set of rules to make what youre saying meaningful o Expressive language : outgoing message; what youre trying to convey to someone else o Receptive language:...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course COMD 2081 taught by Professor Domma during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08