COMD2081, Domma, Test 3

COMD2081, Domma, Test 3 - Test #3 3-28-08 Fluency Disorders...

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Test #3 3-28-08 Fluency Disorders 2 Types Stuttering Cluttering Stuttering 3 thing to look at 1. Types of dysfluencies 2. Frequency of dysfluencies 3. Duration of dysfluencies Dysfluencies Anything that interrupts the normal flow of speech, there are many types Are very common at 3-4 years but there are no secondary motor movements Loci of stuttering Most common locations for stuttering, they can occur all over speech but these are the most common places. Beginning words of sentences Consonants much more often the vowels Longer words Words the occur less frequently Types of dyfluencies Repetition- can be of words, sounds or phases Prolongations- prolong one sound “w-----hy do I have to go?” Interjections- “Um” Silent pauses- trying to say something but nothing is coming out, at the beginning or n the middle of words Broken words-kind of the same s silent pauses 3 criteria to distinguish stutter from non-stutter Frequency o If 3-5% of their speech has dysfluencies they are classified as a stutterer Type of dysfluency o Most people feel that the type is very important o There is no % to go by o Regardless of the type if you have the motor movements then you will be classified as a stutterer Duration
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o If the dsyfluency lasts more than a second then they are classified as a stutterer Associated behaviors Habits that stutterers pick up Secondary behaviors o Motor- majority are seen on face, muscular tension, breathing abnormalities o Negative emotions and avoidance- start to talk around a word, don’t want to say a word because they know they will stutter on it 3-3-08 What stutters tell us…. “Don’t finish our sentences” “Don’t tell us to take a deep breath before we speak” “Don’t tell us to speak slower” Prevalence In the U.S., approximately 1/3 of the population has a stutter Approximately 4% of school age children stutter at some time Roughly ¼ of children who stutter do so for only months or less Roughly 1/3 of persons who stutter recover without any professional help Higher incidence in males than females: 4 to 1 ratio Theories about stuttering Organic Theories o Genetic-stuttering does tend to run in families, but they have not found the genetic cause o Cerebral dominance- the two hemispheres split the job of speech instead of the left taking care of it o Hemispheric processing problems- the right hemisphere is taking the job of speech from the left hemisphere o Defective neural control of speech- nerve #10 has something to do with the stutter o Auditory mechanism deficit- says that the part of the brain that hears sound has a deficit Environmental Theories o Diagnosogenic-the parents will judge then and label their child as a stutterer and then it becomes a real problem o Anticipatory struggle- there are some words that are difficult for children to say,
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course COMD 2081 taught by Professor Domma during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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COMD2081, Domma, Test 3 - Test #3 3-28-08 Fluency Disorders...

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