Basic Sociological Terms

Basic Sociological Terms - Basic Sociological Terms and...

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Basic Sociological Terms and Concepts Used in the Sociological Analysis of Race and Ethnic Relations* 1. Ethnocentrism – belief that the group to which you are a member is judged to be right and true, while others are judged not just differently but as if the other groups are deviant; a tendency to judge other groups or societies by your own group or society or nationality 2. Rashomon perspective – a perspective (based on the movie Rashomon) that many factors influence what we believe and what we “see” in our culture; who we are in terms of our racial or ethnic identity, our gender, our economic class, our religion and our age, for example, influence the perspective or lens through which we view events and people in our society. As Kitano (1997) refers to it, views of reality are shaped by position in the social structure, experiences, emotions and needs. 3. Social Institutions – all of the customs, traditions, norms, values and beliefs that develop in order to take care of basic social needs, such as the need for reproducing our society, for nurturing and caring for the young and dependent, the need for shelter and food, the need for jobs and income, the need for education, and others. The most basic of social institutions are the family, education, the economy, government, religion
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2009 for the course SOCI 122 taught by Professor Hastings during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Basic Sociological Terms - Basic Sociological Terms and...

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