Summary Notes on Institutionalized Racism

Summary Notes on Institutionalized Racism - Notes on...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Notes on Institutionalized Racism (in the form of bias, prejudice and discrimination) 1. Institutionalized Racism – the course’s definition of institutionalized racism is that it is the sum total of policies, laws, customs and traditions that tend to favor one group over another. In this particular course, we are talking about institutionalized racism in terms of the major five racial and ethnic groups, whose wages, salaries, customs, traditions and other characteristics have been recorded regularly by the U.S. Census Bureau. In other words, we are using public information and knowledge to assess the degree of interrelationships among and between different racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. 2. The major social institutions that we have been discussing include family, education, the economy (including jobs and occupations), government (policies which have decreased racism and/or encouraged it, intentionally or not), the legal and judicial systems education, and sports and entertainment. 3. Specifically, within the social institutions listed above, we have read, watched videos, and heard lectures about how institutionalized racism continues to affect the lives of U.S. residents. We have seen how housing is very segregated, for example, which leads to segregated school systems, which leads to segregated economic opportunities, which leads to overall disparities between the well being of some groups as compared to others. Our laws have often enforced the segregation that has led to the disparities we are still observing, though it is also through the legal system that we are able to begin making changes (such as the Fair Housing Act, Brown vs. Board of Education, and many others). Specifically regarding families, anti-miscegenation laws were clearly intended to prevent the “mixing” of races. As those laws have been taken off the books, the percentage of mixed racial/ethnic marriages has continued to increase over the years, but the pressure of social norms (in this case, the U.S. people’s support of endogamous marriages) is still strong enough to ensure that huge numbers of interracial or interethnic marriages do not take place in the U.S. currently. The current percentage of interracial or interethnic marriages, as a percentage of all marriages recorded, is about 3-5%, depending on how ethnic or racial groups are categorized. 4. It is the interconnections among our different social institutions, listed above (education, economy, family, and so on), that I want you to be able to use as information to explain the continuing disparities by race and ethnicity that we have discussed and read about and watched on videos in the class. As many of you have noted, we are so familiar with our social norms, especially if we are the majority group, that we often don’t “see” 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern