Test 3- Sociology Chapter 7

Test 3- Sociology Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: Social...

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Chapter 7: Social stratification Stratification : Inequality; stratification is more structural for a large group. There may be inequality between two people’s income like father and son. There is stratification in Baton Rouge. Inequality can be used for both: 1-1 relationship and groups. It’s universal: every society has stratification. History of Stratification Lenski : looked at long-range history of our society; he said there was a path which we went through from the most primitive to the most advanced. That type of society can explain the inequality that exists. o Diff types of societies: Tech/ division of labor/ surplus’ stratification Hunting/gathering : not much technology; bow and arrow; men goes hunting, women stay and gather vegetables. Have to move around. Little division of labor. Don’t have much surplus at all. Stratification is little; amount of inequality is very small. Women and men are quite equal because hunting doesn’t get you much food. Gathering keeps you going. Women collected 60- 80% calories in diet compared to men. Horticultural : things didn’t change much. You have some tools, you plant some by hand, but it doesn’t give you much food. Technology is minimum. Division of labor is little. Not much surplus. Stratification very little. BIGGEST CHANGE HERE Agrarian (agricultural): distinction made by metal and iron. Iron critical because they can now make a plow: huge invention because now they have more surplus. As a result, stratification, some people became awfully rich, and poor. So there was a division of labor: owner and sharecropper. Rich becoming richer, poor getting poorer. Possibly the largest amount of stratification in our history. Beginning of inequality, class struggle, everything about sociology. Industrialized: Industrial revolution. Technology Steam engine power. People don’t have to use animals. Division of labor is advanced: developed education, politics, economy. Surplus is a lot but now we have quite a few rich people instead of just a handful in Agrarian. For everyone, living standards went up. Post- industrial society: Most advanced. Computers and information made the difference between this and industrialized. Other than that, not much different from industrialized. Max Weber :
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Test 3- Sociology Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: Social...

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