Example 7 - Catholic Worker Movement is a Catholic...

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Catholic Worker Movement is a Catholic organization founded by Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin whose aim is to “live in accordance with the justice and charity of Jesus Christ.” 1 As the name indicates, the Catholic Worker Movement was heavily influenced by Catholicism, yet not restricted to simple preaching of religion, but extended to practice those ideas stemmed from Christianity to help poor and bring peace to the community. Catholic Worker Movement started as a newspaper on May 1, 1933 in the depths of the Great Depression. Dorothy Day, a co- founder of the Catholic Worker Movement and an editor of the newspaper, was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1897. She was a journalist and a primary editor of the journal ‘Catholic Worker.’ The primary purpose was to inspire people, and bring changes with a firm belief in the God-given dignity of every human person. 2 Her kitchen was the news paper's editorial office, and the paper was only a penny a copy, so that it is affordable for anyone interested. For the first half year, the Catholic Worker was only a newspaper, but as the winter approached, homeless people began to knock on the door, which lead to a foundation of the House of Hospitality. As neatly summarized in official Catholic Worker website, the four main focuses of the Catholic Worker are as follows: Nonviolence, the Works of Mercy, Manual Labor and Voluntary Poverty. "Our rule is the works of mercy," said Dorothy Day. "It is the way of sacrifice, worship, a sense of reverence." 3 Dorothy Day not only emphasized four ideals stated above, but lived a life fully devoted to achieve those ideals. Today over 185 Catholic Worker communities remain committed to these core ideas of Dorothy Day and are active in protesting against injustice, war, racism and violence of all forms. However, those ideas that have driven Catholic Workers Movement are not completely new. Before Catholic Worker was founded, there were several 1   The Aims and Means of the Catholic Worker " from  The Catholic Worker  newspaper, May 2002 2  http://www.catholicworker.org/ 3  website
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similar movements committed to human rights by employing non-violent strategies to bring changes. One of the most well known figures who led such movements is Mohandas Gandhi. Known as 'Mahatma' (great soul), Gandhi was the leader of the Indian nationalist movement against the British rule, and he is widely considered the father of his country. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. 4
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Example 7 - Catholic Worker Movement is a Catholic...

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