1901 van Hoff Bio - Jacobus H van't Hoff The Nobel Prize in...

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  Jacobus H. van 't Hoff The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1901   Biography Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff  was born in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, on August 30,  1852. He was the third child in a family of seven children of Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, a physician, and Alida Jacoba Kolff. In 1869 he entered the Polytechnic School at Delft and obtained his technology diploma in 1871. His decision to follow a  purely scientific career, however, came soon afterwards during vacation-work at a sugar factory when he anticipated for  himself a dreary profession as a technologist. After having spent a year at Leiden, mainly for mathematics, he went to Bonn to  work with A.F. Kekul é  from autumn 1872 to spring 1873; this period was followed by another in Paris with A. Wurtz, when he  attended a large part of the curriculum for 1873-1874. He returned to Holland in 1874 and obtained his doctor's degree that  same year under E. Mulder in Utrecht. In 1876 he became lecturer at the Veterinary College at Utrecht, but left this post for a similar position at the University of  Amsterdam the following year. In 1878 came his appointment as Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology at the  same university. After having occupied this chair for 18 years he accepted an invitation to go to Berlin as Honorary Professor,  connected with a membership of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences. The principal reason for this change was the fact  that he was overburdened with obligations to give elementary lectures and to examine large numbers of students, including  even those for medical propaedeutics, leaving him with too little time to do his own research work. He was an ardent advocate  for the creation of a special class of scientific workers. At his new post he remained till the end of his life. van 't Hoff has acquired fame particularly by his epoch-making publications. His doctor's thesis (1874) was entitled  Bijdrage  tot de Kennis van Cyaanazijnzuren en Malonzuur  (Contribution to the knowledge of cyanoacetic acids and malonic acid). Of  far greater weight, however, was his publication which appeared several months before:  Voorstel tot Uitbreiding der 
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  • Spring '09
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  • Nobel Prize, Jacobus Henricus van, Jacobus H. van 't Hoff, asymmetrical carbon atom, Jacobus H. van, Prussian Academy

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