1962 Crick,Watson, Wilkinson Presentation The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962

1962 Crick,Watson, Wilkinson Presentation The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962

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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962 Presentation Speech Presentation Speech by Professor A. Engström, member of the Staff of Professors of the  Royal Caroline Institute Your Majesties, Your Royal Highnesses, Distinguished Audience. An attempt to explain the significance of the discovery which has led to this year's Nobel Prize award in Physiology or  Medicine could begin at a point which seems to be far from the precise world of biophysics and biochemistry. We could ask  the question: «How do we define a fine portrait or a good caricature?» A caricature is a drawing - or sometimes a sculpture, a piece of prose or poetry - in which the individual characteristics of the  person being portrayed are emphasized. This something, strongly individual, could be a strange contour of the nose, a wild  hair or a protruding chin. We all know, that we are very sensitive about the accuracy of the caricature. It must have qualities  beyond those of a true picture. If the artist succeeds in producing the individual's specific variations of a common feature, the  caricature becomes exciting and full of life, it is genuine. Thus, the artist must fuse the common general with the individual  specific features. When the scientist tries to disclose the physical and chemical characteristics of living matter in order to understand and to  explain the great variety of living forms, he must always bear in mind this combination of generality and individuality. He can  distinguish a number of general properties which are common to all living forms, for example the ability to extract nutrition  from the environment and to multiply so that the offspring is given a life pattern similar to that of the parents. Thus he sees an  extreme regularity. Further, when the scientist studies the physical and chemical characteristics of the organism or of its cells 
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1962 Crick,Watson, Wilkinson Presentation The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962

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