Psychology 1�Lecture Notes

Psychology 1�Lecture Notes - PSYCHOLOGY 1-Lecture...

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PSYCHOLOGY 1—Lecture Notes 01/04/2008 14:29:00 Lecture: Tuesday 4/1/08       Neuroscience Fields Within Psychology: Experimental [“hard”] Sciences- specifics, precision, measurements o Physiological Psychology o Psychophysics (Sensation and Perception) o Quantitative (Math) Psychology o Animal Experimental Psychology o Cognitive Psychology o Developmental Psychology o Personality Psychology o Social Psychology o Evolutionary Psychology Applied [“soft”] Sciences- applied, broad questions, gray areas, interpretation,  answer questions that are more meaningful o Industrial Psychology o Consumer Psychology o Neuropsychology o Clinical Psychology o Counseling Psychology o Educational and school Psychology 
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Human Brain: Living, breathing organ Weighs about 3 pounds Flesh and blood, like jello Is the Brain Also the Mind? o Monism -physical and mental are one Idealism - all is thought; everything is an illusion Materialism - all is physical; everything is a byproduct of physical  and environmental events, everything is completely  understandable  o Dualism - physical and mental are different aspects of reality Interactionism - the mental world can affect the material world,  and the material world can affect the mental world Psychophysical Parallelism - at the moment of conception, the  soul is linked with the body and it is linked for the length of the  lifespan and the body and mind work completely paralleled until  death; there is no causal relationship between the body and  mind Lecture: Thursday 4/3/08      Neuroscience continued…  “Brain in a Vat” Problem” Who Has Big Brains? Weighs about 1400 g (about 3 lbs) in the average adult Taller people have bigger, heavier brains Males have bigger brains than females o Males are better at spatial things and females are better at symbolic  things
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Across animal kingdom, brain size and weight are unrelated to intelligence Within humans, brain size and weight are weakly related to intelligences How Do We Study the Brain? Humans Only—Clinical (patient studies) o Clinical Studies : Neuropathologies Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA’s, strokes—disruption in  blood supply to brain tissue and the brain tissue  disrupted by that just dies) Thrombotic/embolic stroke Hemorrhagic stroke Ruptured aneurysms (little bubbles) Traumatic brain injury Tumors, degenerative diseases During neurosurgery under local anesthesia Neuropsychological testing  Neuropsychologists give people detailed tests in order to  diagnose neuropsychological deficits and determine  where they may have damage in the brain
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Psychology 1�Lecture Notes - PSYCHOLOGY 1-Lecture...

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