4.Social History of Evolution

4.Social History of Evolution - Social History Evolutionary...

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Social History & Evolutionary Theory
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"The universe resembles a large and well- regulated family, in which all the officers and servants, and even the domestic animals, are subservient to each other in a proper subordination; each enjoys the privileges and prerequisites peculiar to his place, and at the same time contributes, by that just subordination, to the magnificence and happiness of the whole.“ Aristotle’s “Great Chain of Being” Equates nature to a Greek household. Linear & hierarchical relations. Subordination necessary for nature/society to function.
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Biblical Genesis 1. Divine creation 2. Perfect & Unchanging 3. God’s plan 4. Punishment 5. Dominion over plants and animals.
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Genealogies in the Judeo-Christian Bible suggested Creation in 4004 B.C.
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Isidorus of Seville 6 th & 7 th century A.D. geography affects appearance & character Romans “dignified” Greeks “unstable” Africans “crafty” Gauls “fierce” Ethiopians “are scorched by the nearness of the sun”
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Leonardo Da Vinci A.D. 1452-1519 Advocated monogenesis, but rejected the geographic explanation in favor of a theory of inheritance.
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Medieval Concepts of Human Origins Monogenesis versus Polygenesis Giordano Bruno 1600
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Ripa's (1603) Iconologia America Asia Europa Africa
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