8.Hominid Origins.bipedalism

8.Hominid Origins.bipedalism - The Smart Ape Hypothesis of...

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Large Brain The “Smart Ape” Hypothesis of Human Origins Ape-like Body Club (1909 Depiction of Neanderthal)
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Piltdown Man Primitive jaw Big brain Eoanthropus dawsoni Arthur Keith Found 1912 in England
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Piltdown Hoax Recent orangutan jaw stained and teeth filed Medieval human skull cap Chimpanzee canine Since access to the “fossils” was restricted, the hoax went undetected for 40 years. Site was salted with other fossils from North Africa and southern Europe.
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Hominid Origins “Taung Child” Australopithecus africanus ~4 to 1 MYA
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Features of Hominid Evolution What distinguishes us from other primates Comparing “Primitive” (shared) & Derived Characteristics
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Primate Characteristics 1. Flexible grasping hands & feet with an opposable thumb. 2. Sensitive hand and toe pads. 3. Flat thumbnail. 4. Stereoscopic, color vision. 5. Relatively short snout. 6. Relatively large brain (EQ). 7. Relatively long childhood.
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Three Themes in Human Evolution 1. Early bipedal locomotion - upright walking developed early, and in a short time.
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2009 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Scarre during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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8.Hominid Origins.bipedalism - The Smart Ape Hypothesis of...

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