Johanson.ReadingGuides to Lucy

Johanson.ReadingGuides to Lucy - Reading guides to Johanson...

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Reading guides to Johanson & Edgar, Lucy to Language Introduction 1) In what species, family, and order are human beings categorized? Chapter 1 1) What makes us similar to, or what do Homo sapiens share with other primates? 2) What distinguishes Homo sapiens from other primates genetically, physiologically, or behaviorally? Chapter 2 1) What is a creation myth? 2) How is Paleoanthropology different methodologically? 3) What are the two fields paleoanthropologists draw from most according to Johanson? 4) How does Johanson describe the lineage of Homo sapiens? Chapter 3 1) How does Johanson describe the differences between biological and cultural evolution? Chapter 4 1) What is the goal of Paleoanthropology? 2) What is paleontology? Paleobotany? Osteology? 3) What information does the study of biomechanics provide? 4) What information does a geologist provide? 5) What is biostratigraphy? Chapter 5 1) Why are fossil remains rare? What events or processes affect fossils? 2) What is Sabelanthropus tchadensis ? 3) What is the oldest hominid fossil-species outside of Africa? Chapter 6 1) Why would the Great Rift Valley provide “ideal conditions” for fossil finding? 2) What kinds of strategies can be used to find fossils? 3) Where would you begin looking? Chapter 7 1) Why should excavation and recording techniques be so important to fossil finding? 2) What are some of the techniques used to record the context of a fossil? 3) What can “stone matrix” be used to record? 4) Terms: grid system, datum point Chapter 8 1) What is the difference between relative and absolute dating? 2) What are some methods of each kind of dating? 3) What does radiometric dating measure?
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4) How can a “confident date” become established for a fossil? Chapter 9 1) What is the proposed relationship between climate change and evolution in the “turn-over hypothesis? 2) What kinds of evidence are used to estimate climate changes in the past? 3) How does the fossil record challenge this hypothesis as a singular explanation? Chapter 10 1) Why are teeth the most frequent fossil discovery? 2) What kinds of information can be derived from studying teeth, and how? 3) How are hominid dental patterns used to identify species? 4) How can dental patterns indicate the evolution of developmental life-cycles such as the length of childhood? Chapter 11 1) Why is the study of genetic molecules useful in studying the biological evolution of life on earth? 2) What can our immune systems, which protect our bodies from foreign molecules and organisms, tell us about how closely or distant we are from other species? 3) What is being measured in the dna-dna hybridization technique? Chapter 12 1) Why, according to Johanson, evolutionary theory “contentious”?
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Johanson.ReadingGuides to Lucy - Reading guides to Johanson...

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