Comm Outline Chapter 4

Comm Outline Chapter 4 - Chapter 4: The Nonverbal Messages...

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Chapter 4: The Nonverbal Messages Interpreting Nonverbal Messages - Four types of communication: - verbal/vocal communication ~ communication through the spoken word (eg. discussion) - verbal/nonvocal communication ~ words are involved but no speaking takes place (eg. letter) - nonverbal/vocal communication ~ groans, or vocalizaitons (eg. "ugh") - nonverbal/nonvocal communication ~ only gestures and appearance (eg. facial expressions) - We give greater credence to nonverbal cues when we: - judge personal style - respond to questions requiring interpretation
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- evaluate a person's genuine emotions, ideas, and attitudes from expressions - judge credibility and leadership qualities - forming first impressions - Nonverbal messages function in one of three ways: 1) replaces a verbal message, - gestures and expressions equivalent to brief verbal messages (eg. waving) 2) reinforces a verbal message, - a hand movement or pause that emphasizes a part of a message 3) or contradicts a verbal message - kinesic slip : mixed messages -- contradictory verbal and nonverbal messages
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Spatial and Temporal Cues - Space: - Personal space ~ centers on the body; person's portable territory, which each individual carries along wherever he or she may go; can area with invisible boundaries surrounding a person's body into which intruders may not come - we are more confident when we are within our own surroundings - personality influence the size of one's personal space - Interpersonal distance - proxemics ~ the study of how human beings communicate through their use of space - Scale of Social Distance and the four kinds of distance: 1) Intimate distance ~
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18 inches or less - close phase (6 inches or less) ~ primarily for nonverbal communication; reserved for very close friends and family - far phase (6 to 18 inches) ~ used for discussing confidential matters; whispering 2) Personal distance ~ 1½ to 4 feet - close phase (1½ to 2½ feet) ~ reserved for very close relationships - far phase (2½ to 4 feet) ~ comfortable distance for conversing with friends 3) Social distance ~ (4 to 12 feet) - close phase (4 to 7 feet) ~ convo. at social gatherings and
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business discussions - far phase (7 to 12 feet) ~ meetings in a business office 4) Public distance (12 feet or more) - close phase (12 to 25 feet) ~ formal style of language and louder voices used - far phase (25 feet or more) ~ experienced public speakers, exaggerated body movements, gestures, enunciation, and volume while reducing rate of speech - Differences in proxemic norms between cultures: - co-culture : a group having sufficient distinctive traits to distinguish it from other members of the same dominant culture
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course COMM 1 taught by Professor Mullin during the Winter '07 term at UCSB.

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Comm Outline Chapter 4 - Chapter 4: The Nonverbal Messages...

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