Comm Outline Chapter 2

Comm Outline Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Person Perception I...

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Chapter 2: Person Perception I. Perceiving People and Objects: A Comparison Two Kinds of Filters o Selective attention- the ability to process certain of the stimuli available to us while filtering out others A. Perceptual filters- physiological limitations that are built into human beings and cannot be reversed Vary considerably from one person to another To the human communicator one extremely troublesome perceptual filter is the limit on one’s ability to hear B. Psychological Sets Psychological sets- our expectancies or predispositions to respond influence our perception of other people interpreting a scene from a picture your past experiences Culture and Perception Muller-layer Illusion optical illusion for Western people We have sets not only about objects and words but about other human beings—what they should look like, how they should act, and what they should say When people have shared expectancies easier to communicate A great deal of interpersonal conflict stems from people’s unawareness of the limits on their perceptual capacities Selective Perception, Organization, and Interpretation Perception is an active process We selectively perceive, organize, and interpret what we experience In general, people perceive stimuli that are intense, repetitious, or in the process of changing People actively choose what to attend to depending on personal interests, desires, motivations, and expectations People organize stimuli according to different schema and expectations They attribute cause-and-effect uniquely After stimuli are selectively perceived and selectively organizes, they are selectively interpreted—that is, they are assigned meanings unique to the perceiver Personal interpretations are based on the perceiver’s past experiences, assumptions about human behavior, knowledge of the other’s circumstances, present mood/desires/wants, and expectations Perceiver/Object/Context
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Perceiving other people may be thought of in three elements: 1. the perceiver 2. the object of perception (i.e. another human being) 3. the context within which the object is viewed to some degree, we always assume that the other person shares some of our characteristics such assumptions may help us perceive more accurately: o if you see someone coming from funeral quiet depression however, they may lead us to misinterpret o “oh great” as SURE instead of sarcasm when play gay music perceiving people differs from perceiving objects our perceptions and misperceptions influence and keep on influencing our interactions with others—because they keep responding to these perceptions II. Forming Impressions: Looking at Yourself Our concern with the process of forming impressions involves the discussion of many variables, but it begins with you, the perceiver, and how you view yourself A. Self-Concept Self-concept—
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course COMM 1 taught by Professor Mullin during the Winter '07 term at UCSB.

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Comm Outline Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Person Perception I...

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