* Conceptos importantes en la adquisición del español *
Sustantivo * a person, place, thing or idea
Pronombre * a word used in place of one or more nouns. In Spanish pronouns
Generally agree in number
with the nouns they replace.
Pronombre sujeto * pronoun used as the subject of a verb.
I = yo
we = nosotros/as
you (fam.) = tú
y’all = vosotros/as
he = él
they (masc.) = ellos
she = ella
they (fem.) = ellas
you (formal) = usted (Ud.)
You all (formal) = ustedes (Uds.)
In Spanish and English there are also direct object
, indirect object
and indefinite pronouns
Verbo * word that indicates the “action” of a sentence or a state of being (to be, to
have, to seem)
ocabulary to discuss verbs:
Infinitivo * The verb form that is the name of the verb—not
conjugated. In English, an infinitive takes the form “to + verb” (Ex. “to write”). In Spanish, infinitives
-ar, -er or -ir (ex. hablar, comer, vivir).
Conjugación * The changes a verb undergoes to agree with its
Example: We conjugate hablar
like this: yo hablo, tú hablas, ella habla, etc.
We also conjugate in English: I speak, you speak, she speaks
Sujeto * The noun that performs the action of the sentence and with
which the verb of a sentence must agree.
Example: For the following sentence, cat
is the subject because it performs
the action to drink
: The cat drinks the milk.
Tiempo * All verbs indicate the tense, or time
, of the action (present, past,
future, etc.). In Spanish we have the following tenses: presente, pretérito,
imperfecto, perfecto presente, pluscuamperfecto, presente progresivo, pasado
progresivo, futuro, condicional)
Modo * A verb shows mood, or the speaker’s attitude, toward what s/he is
saying. In Spanish, we have the indicative, subjunctive and imperative moods.
Corrected May 2004