Art 4409-October 24 - Octobefifll flan-8 4—-eollepse...

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Unformatted text preview: Octobefifll flan-8' 4—:- -eollepse condo ‘0? Au W 3““ «orifice! transformation In style elf-settlements. -mdlea_l decrease'iln population _ \ decrease In number of shes: was about 300-350 goes / COLA/AWE Q’EkbL‘( m Afi down maboutdm \‘J‘E aso dew collapsing ~sfije53tha‘t ar'e‘ernerglng are very- d-lfi'erent we lose wrftlng, before ll: was-small group of-s‘erlbes recordingp‘ala‘ce 'ac-‘tlvltle's. now-there is no reason -so_rrjljetjimes called the Dark-Age because there is no writing ~not true the: 11:15 not Important- éwha't comes out of this period is what wlll later beenrrée'Gteekeult‘ure «defies mat develop later one bomuse of the ways rsecleuqstar: developing from W's-point Ewe allfiihe‘fiadv Iron-Age: W technology-slowly,shammer hot metal Into shape as oppo‘Sed to molding-Sam; developefl. in Anatolia "1200-800 BEE Early Iron Age. almost like a Evert-Eng: .the beginning ls the decllne of palaces. then-moves to widely sureael pastoral society «that does happen'?—)' new settlements happen In random weird places, far removed from any'chanc'e' of surprise attack eyed-Ed on mil: o'f-a 300091 mountaln -n'o 'realfarmfngplace, a shlft herding eheepjg'om -Several acres maybe-15% cattle, no grazing -greatly removed from coast and plains -unpleasaa1t in winter (dot-no. wot. fowl—Unpleasant that, windy} —refuge sites: asfar away as possible from threat l‘ :_ II: r304; «$2315.: arms up Kawusi'flastm Jennies: breast, firess ~builtjnto the rack '-c'rowns wrth animais- -s_kir'-ts with gut out fleet space -gnddems or we'r'shlppars -we see cantinuingin beliefsystems .'-_}. ':L_‘-f'-i.'-'-‘,"_L'-L‘|.i.‘-'III‘.I :3 -mwe all the way 'up {Mo-the mountains -bef.are-a settlement was heated belhw -ean see water on both sides ~pe0p1e were ohvfauslv worried get a Sense of the level of-d'esperafiqn Unit N -.on mainland Greece in Messenia, a site: N'iohori'a -19605 or 19.705 excavated: people were beginning to mentor no lust whet-but why, University of Minnesota guse of scientific techniques to 'soive questions widely dispersed in middle of nowhere, up. high in hills «nevhe 1009200 people -shlfi In style of construction -apsidal buildings, hate epse on one end —bullt with stone socle and rest of Wall mud brick -rll:rs on sides I' o ‘adesWst to support peaked—roof 4courtvard-9smafl room-)rnain morn ~oasileus~basfleisz at Pelos clearly not meaning who'is in charge that-Was wanax lanax, lord) -basiieis was leader'a't-a much lower level when palace system-disappears besilels seem to hold on to some power on a local level only 4here we might be looking at a-basHeus’ home; much smaller scale -storag_e space in back eubdivision ofs'paces-as we“ «only mm long, so It: not big |!-_'-I-u:;u.-.. L-:':l‘».i.1rn‘l| it If. ‘L'!-- .Ji'” ' -bu!ldlng uses out dressed stone -apsidel even though don’t have all of the end can tell because the walls are moving inward «mooring building was a gigantic mound -not finished when mound was put over it{remen1be'r House of the Tlie'sl -had burials inside —flrst thought it was a temple because of the eolumn going around thought it was a pinto-Greek temple but then the .buriais were found Lefk'en‘di H ~Whe're: in Eubqi'a, fertile plain [Lelantlne Plain] "' -firstwer old writers know about after Trot lsthe Leletine War; between two clties located .qn each side of'the plain, Khalkis 8. 'E'retria. fighting over the ownership of the plain, 3"" century! ~hlll: tou'mba has toms there —this plan Is atthe top of hill - Eeauation, odd events discovered by British in 139605 or 19705, site near, know it was important but. didn‘t-WIN exam it 40:31 person wanted tohuiid summer home here. discowredfthis really big bulldl'ng 10m across, enormous for this period dandowner was told nott‘o die because its historical, over Christmas hofidav he gets-fraudulent permit and bulldozed a wall and destroyed p‘artiof the building, he was put in prison I when the British come back they cleared whole building, 47m long. Earnest building for next BODyears .l. :lL-Jm ll iL‘Ii'.‘ masthutes: notjust dug in earth. hut-stone "ma, deep, deariy important Becaustmctlon writer. 'PatEsiduwn 'mfddle.{sahled roof), large middte- mm. mirage rdums flu}!- mtmrm mm“ mm hhwflph Burial pit alt-away ~one Inhumation, one cremation placed Inside a bronze march: four nursed ‘ amphora l2 handles-up at necnjplaced inside a bronze aouth:stoneliheerStrt‘mhuman ”"1" ‘ bowl 410th vessels Imported: (Names and Phoenicia wrap In linen-)ashes CPI'o-maflon wear head in? other things -Amphora from cremation -assumed a male . . . . . -A_J_ pectoral for female buHa‘J -.fmp.orted: shows. had. connections ‘30 efifia-thnmans —B} gorget, nook guard from female .burfal- were seahaarars and .eVen'tuallv get alp'habetfrom them -bnwl fi‘Om 'crematfon -huntlna scene -pin'5, gilt; iran and wwmfl'ln said Female hurfal vgorget was-aimedv lomyearsdd before it wasputstn this burial. Babylonian «1311:1311 'O’f gendered burial grammars fiery fith «Wally slaughterédiforthese burials 4had' iaather accoutrements, decomposed. but metal bits still In mouths ' -har_se's are expensm, stir-they had the extra?!) just lifll 'ancf NW What do we make-offhtsétom? Jaimediataly succeedingthe destruction, coveringwlthja' mound. all these ather hudalsappear made mnnec't'ibns weapons were-ugh“ even the later buzials have riches marathéy I'm-2:5??? mum'shrlne'r'hemon -pe__u_pIE want to be buried .clnse,-]u'st.ll}se [11' Iafie'r chrisuagrlty'wlth neopie want to. be buried class to saints -probabtvsnot-considered-lagendarv hamesbut'sfill pa‘aple just wanted tp be buried class ...
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