chapter%204%20outline - Dear Students, Are YOU intelligent?...

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Dear Students, Are YOU intelligent? What are some of your intellectual strengths? Hey, don’t just read this over and move on. I want you to think about this. It is important. Even jot down a couple ideas. As teachers, we spend a lot of time thinking and talking about others’ intellectual strengths and weaknesses. If we can do that to others, then we can at least in the privacy of our own computer space do that for ourselves. I am going to have a discussion entry on this. Hopefully you can talk about this as well as think about it. Now let’s begin our journey into Chapter 4. Before you go any further, would you please define “intelligence”? I don’t want a book definition, I want what YOU think. Now, scan the different theoretical definitions and see who corresponds best to YOUR views. There are lots of buttons to push in this lecture. Have fun. Intelligence Definitions: Jean Piaget: a form of biological adaptation to the environment - the mechanism that allows us to interact successfully with our surroundings. Piaget Biography Alfred Binet: (developer of first widely used intelligence test) involves judgment, practical sense, initiative and the ability to adapt to circumstances Alfred Binet Biography Lewis M. Terman: (developer of Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale) the ability to engage in abstract thinking. Terman Biography David Wechsler: the ability to think rationally, act purposefully and deal effectively with the environment. Wechsler Biography Charles Spearman: intelligence involves two factors; a general reasoning factor (g) and a factor specific to the type of test taken. Spearman Biography L.L. Thurstone: rejected the concept of a single g and argued that there are seven basic abilities or primary mental abilities: verbal meaning, inductive reasoning, perceptual speed, number facility, spatial relations, memory and verbal fluency. Thurstone Biography J.P. Guilford: developed a three-dimensional model of intellectual functioning. He believed that there are five types of mental operations that can be performed (cognition, memory, divergent thinking, convergent production and evaluation) and that these can be performed on four types of content (figural, symbolic, semantic and behavioral) and that there are six different products that might result (units, classes, relations, systems, transformations and implications). This 4x5x6 cube yields 120 different possibilities of intellectual functioning. Guilford Biography Guilford Theory Robert J. Sternberg: Intelligence is mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to and selection and shaping of real-world environments relevant to one’s life. Sternberg Biography Sternberg Triarchic Theory
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CI 333 taught by Professor Blumenfield during the Fall '07 term at Iowa State.

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chapter%204%20outline - Dear Students, Are YOU intelligent?...

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