Italian 2102--Midterm Review - Italian 2102Midterm Review...

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Italian 2102—Midterm Review Definite Articles—Articolo determinative MASCHILE singolare plurale di fronte a esempi il i consonante il treno i treni l' gli vocale l'amico gli amici lo gli z, gn, ps, s + cons. lo zaino gli zaini FEMMINILE singolare plurale di fronte a esempi la le consonante la macchina le macchine l' le vocale l'amica le amiche 1
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1. The article agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies and is repeated before each noun. 2. The first letter of the word immediately after the article determines the article’s form. a. il giorno/l’altro giorno b. lo zio/il vecchio zio c. l’amica/la nuova amica 3. In contrast to English, the definite article is required in Italian in the following situations: a. before nouns used to express a concept or a category of thing in its entirety. i. La generosità è una virtù. Generosity is a virtue. ii. Le matite non sono care. Pencils are not expensive. b. before names of languages, unless directly preceded by a form of parlare or studiare . i. Lo spagnolo è bello. Spanish is beautiful. ii. La signora Javier parla spagnolo e tedsco. Mrs. Javier speaks Spanish and German. c. before titles when talking about people, but omitted when talking to people. i. La signora Piazza ha fame? Is Mrs. Piazza hungry? ii. Signora Piazza, ha fame? Mrs. Piazza, are you hungry? d. before the days of the week to indicate a repeated, habitual activity. i. Marco non sudia mai la domenica. Marco never studies on Sundays. ii. Domenica studio. I’m studying on Sunday. e. before names of countries, states, regions, large islands, mountains, an rivers. Cities, towns, and small islands do not require the article. i. Visito l’Italia e la Francia. I visit Italy and France. ii. Il Colorado e l’Arizona sono belli. Colorado and Arizona are beautiful. iii. La Sardegna è un’isola. Sardinia is an island. iv. Roma è una bella città. Rome is a beautiful city. 4. The possessive adjective is used without the article when referring to family members in the singular. Loro, however, always retains the article, as do possessive adjectives that refer to relatives in the plural.
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